James Monroe Presidential Inauguration Bicentennial Day


WHEREAS,James Monroe, a native of Westmoreland County, Virginia, fought for American liberty during the Revolutionary War, rising in rank from Lieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel and surviving a life-threatening wound at the Battle of Trenton on December 26, 1776; and

WHEREAS, James Monroe served the Commonwealth of Virginia as a member of the House of Delegates, the Council of State, and the Virginia Ratifying Convention for the United States Constitution, and as Governor of the Commonwealth and President of the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829; and

WHEREAS James Monroe served the United States of America successively as a Virginia delegate to the Congress of the Confederation, United States Senator, Secretary of State, and Secretary of War, and as American Minister to France, Great Britain, and Spain; and

WHEREAS,James Monroe was elected the fifth President of the United States in 1816, becoming the fourth of eight Virginians elected to the nation’s highest office; and

WHEREAS,James Monroe was inaugurated on March 4, 1817, outside of  the “Old Brick Capitol,” used as the temporary seat of the United States Congress from 1814 to 1819, becoming the first president to be inaugurated out of doors; and

WHEREAS, the inauguration of James Monroe commenced an administration of two terms, during which the states of Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, Maine, and Missouri were admitted to the Union; the United States acquired Florida from Spain by treaty; the Missouri Compromise was enacted as a response to the growing sectional conflict over the issue of slavery; the United States recognized new Latin American republics that gained their independence from Spain; and, through his annual message to Congress on December 2, 1823, President Monroe promulgated an American policy barring European intervention in the affairs of nations in the Western Hemisphere known to history as the Monroe Doctrine; and

WHEREAS,recognition of the bicentennial of the inauguration of James Monroe is respectfully recommended by institutions dedicated to preserving and interpreting his legacy, including the James Monroe Museum, Papers of James Monroe in the City of Fredericksburg, James Monroe’s Highland in Albemarle County, the County of Westmoreland, and the James Monroe Memorial Foundation in the City of Richmond;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Terence R. McAuliffe, do hereby recognize March 4, 2017, as JAMES MONROE PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION BICENTENNIAL DAY in our COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, and I call this observance to the attention of all our citizens.