Anniversary Brown v. Board of Education 2016


WHEREAS, on May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students were unconstitutional; and

WHEREAS, the Brown v. Board of Education decision overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), which upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of “separate but equal;” and

WHEREAS, as a result of Brown v. Board of Education, legally-mandated racial segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution; and

WHEREAS, the Court concluded that “in the field of public education, the doctrine of Separate but Equal has no place,” and that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal;” and

WHEREAS, the Brown v. Board of Education decision played a fundamental role in catalyzing the Civil Rights Movement, and continues to have a profound impact on educational reform and the pursuit of a more inclusive and equal Commonwealth and country;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Terence R. McAuliffe, do hereby recognize May 17, 2016, as the ANNIVERSARY OF BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION in our COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, and I call this observance to the attention of all our citizens.